Timeline of Japanese Sword Schools

Year
Japanese Era begins or event
 Ryu of interest
Figure Text
-3500
Norte Chico cities in Peru, height of Sumerian empire, 1st dynasty in Egypt



-2500
Mid-Jomon (first settlements), Mayan settlements, Sage Kings in China



-1500
Olmec to -400, Amonhotep, Shang dynasty in China



-1000
Adena culture in North America, mound builders to (-100)



-750
first Mayan cities, Rome founded -753, Celts to England



-400
Moche, Paracas and Nazca to 800



-300
Yayoi


-333
Alexander defeats Darius


-100
Teotihuacan founded (Mexico), Hopewell culture in North America



22
Han Dynasty



300
Kofun


306
Constantine the Great reunites Roman Empire



383
Rome abandons Britain



495
Wessex founded



537
Arthur dies at Camlan



538
Asuka



607
First Japanese embassy to China



710
Nara


732
Charles Martel stops the Arab conquest of Europe Tours and Poitiers.



765
Tibet invades China



771
Charlemagne sole rular of the Franks



792
Viking era in Britain - Lindisfarne



794
Heian


826-869
Arabs conquer Crete, sack Rome, take Malta



900
Start of reconquest of Spain, Maya move to Yucatan, Toltec in Mexico




Rise of the Bushi, private bands not connected to the Ritsuryo army


960
Sung dynasty defeats Tatars



1000
Mississipian culture, Chahokia.



1016
King Canute crowned, England, Norway and Denmark



1045
El Cid born, Bushi in power, eastern provinces


1066
Normans take England



1099
Crusaders take Jerusalem



1154
Thomas Becket becomes chanceller to Henry II,



1156
Minamoto vs Taira



1162

Ogasawara
Kyudo, Bajutsu
Ogasawara Nagakiyo
(1162-1242)

1185
Kamakura (Bushi government)
 Mounted Archery


1187
Saladin takes Jerusalem



1206
Ghengis Khan (d 1227)



1274
Kublai Khan invades Japan



1292

Ogasawara
Reiho
Ogasawara Sadamune
(1292-1347

1306
Robert Bruce King of Scots



1333
Kemmu



1336
Muromachi
(Ashikaga)



1337
Start of 100 years war



1368
Ming defeat Yuan
Nen Ryu
Sōma Shiro Yoshimoto


Chujo Ryu (from Nen Ryu)
Chujō Nagahide





1400
Incan empire to 1550



1412
Joan of Arc born



1420
Treaty of Troyes



1427
Aztec Empire begins



1438
Incan Empire begins



1447
Tenshin Shoden Katori Shinto Ryu Iizasa Ienao (c1387-c1488)
1455
War of the Roses



1467
Sengoku Jidai Rise of  more specialized Ryuha







1492
Columbus to America,
Kage Ryu
Aizu Ikōsai Hisatada (c1452–1538)
1508
First bamboo practice sword (fukuro shinai)
Shinkage Ryu
Kamiizumi Nobutsuna (c1508-c1572)

1509
Henry VII of England crowned



1532

Takenouchi Ryu
Takenouchi Nakatsukasadaiyu Hisamori

1546

Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu
Hayashizaki Jinsuke Minamoto no Shigenobu (c1546-1621)

1555
Japanese pirates beseige Nanking



1565
Seige of Malta by Turks



1568
Unification of Japan begins as Nobunaga deposes shogunate



1575
Takeda defeated at Nagashino



1584

Niten Ichiryu
Miyamoto Musashi (c1584–1645)
1591

Nen Ryu to Maniwa Nen Ryu
Higuchi Matashichiro
1596
Hideyoshi invades Korea



1597
Second Spanish Armada wrecked



1600
Edo (Tokugawa)



1615
Osaka castle and the end to war
kyu ba ken so, emphasis on sword


1632

Shinkage Ryu
Yagyu Munenori
Heiho Kadensho
1639
Expulsion of all but the Dutch



1648
English Civil War, monarchy restored 1661



1645

Niten Ichiryu
Miyamoto Musashi
Go Rin no Sho written
1688
Genroku (to 1703) licensing and certificates and flowery displays.



1697 fall of last Mayan city


1716
Kyoho (to 1745) Reforms toward a cash economy, frugality, western learning



1716


Hinatsu Shigetaka Honcho Bugei Shoden
1724
Ogasawara Kyudo revived Ogasawara Heibei Tsuneharu
1787
Kansei (to 1793) Government strengthening and less western learning



1793

Hokkushin Itto Ryu
Chiba Shusaku (1793-1856)

1801
First 4-slat shinai
Nakanishi-ha Itto Ryu
Nakanishi Chuzo Tsugutate (died 1801) Kenjutsu Rokujuhachi-te
1840
Anglo-chinese war



1841
Tempo (to 1843) Frugality, less western learning, strengthen the government


















1853
Bakumatsu begins, 750 schools of sword since 1615.
Prohibition on large scale warships lifted



1856

Kobusho academy (shinai centered)


1868
Meiji
Keishicho Ryu (Tokyo Police)


1873
Public Kendo Shows
Edict for conscription
Gekken Kogyo
Sakakibara Kenkichi (1830–1894)

1876
Sword Abolishment Act
Toyama Gakko established



1877
Satsuma Rebellion and the Tokyo Battotai sword group.



1882

Shumpukan dojo
Yamaoka Tesshu (1836-1888)

1895
Dai Nippon Butokukai formed with 1800 members
Sino-Japanese war (mostly over Korea)
Zaibatsu power increased



1895
First modern olympics



1899


Nitobe Inazo
Bushido published in English
1860-1900
track and field, gymnastics, basketball, volleyball all invented or popular,
bujutsu becomes more sporting (budo)



1902
Shogo titles first awarded by DNBK



1905
DNBK has over a million members, builds Butokuden in Kyoto, Russo-Japanese war



1906
Butokukai Seitei Kenjutsu Kata (3) formed and disliked


1909

Niten Ichiryu
Miyamoto Musashi Go Rin no Sho first published
1910
Japan annexes Korea



1911
Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kendo Kata (7 and 3) formed, now called the Nippon Kendo Kata



1912
Taisho
Budo as electives in schools
Bujutsu Senmon Gakko founded by DNBK



1915


Takano Sasaburo
Kendo


Hayakawa Junzaburo
Bujutsu Sosho (15 Tokugawa kenjutsu treatises)
1919
Bujutsu Senmon Gakko renames Gekken to Kendo



1921


Yamada Jirokichi
Kendo Shugi (58 Tokugawa kenjutsu books)
1924
Meiji Jingu national championships in track and field, swimming, baseball, soccer, basketball, volleyball
Judo, kendo, kyudo and sumo but DNBK does not participate



1925
Jukendo from French Bayonet, added to DNBK

Yamada Jirokichi Nihon Kendo-shi (history of kendo)


Shimokawa Ushio
Kendo no Hattatsu (history of kendo)
1926
Showa



1929
Tenran budo taikai (3 refs and match rules) competitors from colonys too (Taiwan and Korea)
sportification of budo and Japanification (spiritualization) of baseball



1937
Second sino-japanese war



1938
National mobilization



1942
jukendo and shageki-do added to educational curriculum, budo compulsory in schools



1945
DNBK disbanded, budo banned



1946
ban on sumo and karate lifted



1949
All Japan Judo Federation formed



1950
Shinai Kyogi formed: court, fukuroshinai, time limit, points scoring, fencing uniform,


1952
Japan self rule
shinai kyogi into schools
AJKF formed "kendo as a sport and as physical education"



1954
shinai kyogi federation into AJFK



1957
School Kendo



1960s

Ogasawara Reiho opened to the public
Ogasawara Tadamune

1964
Nippon Budokan (NB) built in Tokyo
Judo in olympics, Geesink wins open division



1966
Budo Gakuen (Nippon Budokan)


Nihon Budo Zensho (7 volumes of Edo texts)

NB catalyses: Nippon Budo Gakkai, Nippon Budo Kyogikai, Nippon Kobudo Kyokai,
Zenkoku Todofuken-ritsu Budokan Kyogikai and International Budo University



1970
International Kendo Federation formed with 17 members



1971
Nippon Budokan Training Center in Katsuura













1975
Kendo no Rinen (kendo is not a sport)




Japanese Budo Association (at budokan) Judo, kendo, kyudo, sumo, karatedo, aikido,
shorinji kempo naginata and jukendo



1978
First kobudo taikai at NB with 46 ryuha.



1979
Japanese Classical Budo Association formed



1985
"peak budo" in Japan, participation starts to drop.



1987
Budo Association "Budo Charter" with warning to preserve the culture



1989
Heisei


2006
Japan kendo team defeated at the world championships




Japan defeated at judo directorship, no Japanese on the IJF board




"Fundamental Law of Education" stipulates pupils must "respect Japanese traditional culture"



2012
budo compulsory in junior high schools




Partial Bibliography

Uozumi Takeshi: The History and Spirit of Budo ISBN (ISBN 9784998089346 499808934X), Ch 1. An Outline of Budo History. http://www.budo-u.ac.jp/laboratory/pdf/ibu/Capter_1_An_Outline_of_Budo_History.pdf